prolonged space-travel is an issue which has many implications.. the implications multiply a hundredfold in the presence of humans.. due to the presence of people on a space flight, the issues to be dealt with in providing a safe, hospitable work atmosphere are complex and dynamic.. simulations of a flight where people are sequestered in a small habitat for many months provide much insight, but much more insight is required for a group of people to travel many millions of miles thru space, without a change of scenery or change of pace.. while describing many sides of humans in space flight, the purpose here is to promote hibernation of the crew during the flight..
as in "2001", a crew would be placed into hibernation before the mission is launched.. only 2 or 3 persons would be needed to carry the mission to its destination.. when the mission arrives close to its destination, members of the "hibernated" team would be revived, brought up-to-date on the mission's progress and take time to orient themselves as to their surface objectives, procedures, tool usage and other areas necessary to be understood before a landing is attempted..such an accommodation would save untold resources in every aspect of the mission.. less food and water, less oxygen, less room consumed by each explorer, for routine movements and privacy.. the most important factor to be considered in close habitation of a number of people is, their "closeness".. experiments of simulated space flight for months among specially selected candidates shows that, while the team displayed the greatest consideration for each other's professionalism and abilities, the simplest of habits and "idiosyncrasies" became a significant aspect in the crew's ability to offer continued cooperation and good will in a prolonged, confined environment.. "playing" with hands, whistling, arranging one's hair, "clicking" a ball-point pen. personal hygiene and soiled uniforms were typical issues.. also, simply not asking "please" or issuing a "thank you", clearing one's throat, choice of language, slowness of replying to a query were also described.. these and other issues would not be significant on earth, but, in space, these are large issues among a confined team which must not only behave civilly, but rely on each other's judgement, in all matters, great and small.. on earth, we can walk away or simply turn our heads; in space. this is not an option.. in a space vehicle, there is no "going out for fresh air".. there is no "taking a walk" to get "it" out of your system.. on earth, withdrawing from a volatile confrontation has always been an advisable response.. we practice it and teach it to our children.. not in space.. if you can turn your head, you're lucky.. each team member would have a "berth', where they would sleep and spend time when not needed to perform mission functions.. this is the only time when a team member could truly be "alone", except for a shower or personal hygiene.. although "sharing" periods where members could express their feelings towards others' actions might help, such exchanges might lead to worsening mutual attitudes of feeling unappreciated or resented, if not making outright threats or forcing physical conflict.. this is the outcome of a group specially chosen for their previously known demeanor and ability to handle stressful situations..due to the prolonged time and distance in space, many "considerations" would be a part of the space crew's understanding of the management of situations that could include volatile or hostile behavior.. there would be an agreement that a "code" as written by behavioral experts to cover many situations, predictable and unpredictable, would be a preferred guide.. the "code" would be used to resolve issues on many levels.. the crew could select one of their own to act as a "judge" and to render verdicts on the behavior of other members, in concert with the crew or a "majority rules" dictum..
while crews would be chosen for their ability to work and relate with others on the team, there is the possibility that one or more team members could employ threats or become physically violent.. while the crew itself would be responsible for determining and rendering decisions within its membership, it is important that each case be reported to mission control, for commerisation and advice on handling of such incidents.. while there could be no enforcement of laws or penalties as on earth, there must be a means of rendering the circumstances and outcome of procedures as imposed by the self-regulation of the crew..the isolation integral to space flight can have serious effects on crew members.. in extreme cases during simulation, team members can acquire symptoms commonly referred to as "cabin fever".. a member's behavior may become erratic and irrational.. a palliative could be issued in the form of sedatives and confinement to a limited area of the spacecraft.. communication with other members would be restricted.. there would be no discussion with the member of what other members are saying about the isolated member; exchanges with the offender would come from a meeting of all members and issued by the team's "judge", documenting the coordination and concurrence among other members .. hopefully, the "cabin fever" would be resolved with medications and reasoning with other members of the team, but not as to what others said about the isolated subject.. "telling tales out of school" would be strictly prohibited.. human activity includes the vile as well as venerated behavior.. it is predictable that a member might attempt suicide of oneself or a "murder-suicide" combination.. it is vital that observation and reporting of aberrant behavior be documented and logged.. while no space mission would likely include deadly weapons, they can be fashioned from common tools, as inmates do in prisons everywhere.. materials must be accounted for and their missing status be reported and searches begun for their location and the person responsible held accountable..
for these reasons and others yet unknown, it is strongly suggested that "hibernation" of crew members whose usefulness would not be employed until arrival at the destination be inaugurated as a part of a prolonged mission's protocol.. the savings in weight, planning, space and introduction of basic human behaviors, good and bad, would be removed from the equation.. if something isnt part of the cargo, it cant be blamed for the problem.. removal of team members whose presence is not essential to the transit phase of the flight until arrival at the destination eliminates the potential for issues of "human relations" complicating what is already an incredibly complex undertaking.. with a team of people in a space flight, there is no "do over" or "second chance".. it has to be done right the first and only opportunity to do it at all.. crew hibernation is the way to conserve energy, conserve resources and conserve the skill sets of everyone on board, not to speak of how the team relates to each other.. while there may be such issues when exploring on the planet surface, team members will be required to focus on their individual tasks instead of taking exception to what others are doing.. sending an "awakened crew" on an extended mission will likely end tragically.. people are not designed to spend long periods in close quarters.. there should be data from the iss mission to support this.. people in such confinement begin to notice the smallest habits of others and often take exception to these habits, even when they are not interfering or harming anyone.. no amount of "crew-matching" or compatibility testing can avoid behaviors like this.. it is human nature to take note of how others behave.. when people are confined for long periods, they inevitably become critical of others' habits, for no reason.. speech patterns, smells, hairstyles, laughter, clearing one's throat all are targets for focus for someone whose nature is becoming strained at having to endure such behaviors day-after-day.. by the time the vehicle approaches the mission target, crew members could be at the breaking point for anti-social behavior: violent arguments, physical assault, claims that one or more crew members are attempting to sabotage the mission or even kill the entire crew.. while such behavior is absolutely wrong, the outcome is predictable, given the confinement for long periods, and being at each others' elbows for hours on end.. while horrific, it is typical for people to react to confinement and the attitudes shown to the rest of the crew when people are seeing too much of each other for days on end.. imagine the reaction of the people at mission control on earth when they hear crew members report such behavior and there is nothing they can do about it.. they can speak to the crew and offer advice, but there is no means to enforce a decision or penalty for bad behavior.. bottom line, dispatching a crew on an extended mission while awake amounts to a suicide mission.. a crew which is awake when arriving at the mission target is unlikely to be rational; some could be seriously injured or even dead from violence perpetrated against one another.. before or after arrival, there could be serious damage to equipment vital to the mission.. crew members could arrive detached from reality due to long-term confinement within the mission vehicle.. the survivors who are alive when the landing takes place will probably be insane or even homicidal.. this is not the fault of the crew or those who selected the crew for the mission.. this is the result of humans reaching their emotional and psychological limits when they are confined to a small space in the unending company of others, where each has identified aspects of another person's behavior which have become intolerable and unacceptable, which would require corrective action on the part of the offended party, including reprimand, assault, asking that the party be restricted to their berth and even death..
IT CANNOT BE EMPHASIZED TOO STRONGLY THAT A CREW ON AN EXTENDED MISSION INTO DEEP SPACE BE HIBERNATED EXCEPT FOR A FEW CREW PERSONS NECESSARY TO NAVIGATE THE SHIP.. THERE IS NO ALTERNATIVE TO INSURING THE CREW'S ARRIVING HEALTHY AND CAPABLE TO PERFORM THEIR DUTIES.